Faehallows School of Magic

Sun God Myths

Sun God Myths – Parallel Mythologies of Solar Deitiessun god myths - parallel pagan and christian mythologies

Pagan, Christian & Astrological

Some of the following details may be disputable, because there are many different versions of all the sun god myths on this page. The origins of some have been lost, yet there is still enough similarity between these stories to give us reason to look beyond them to a deeper unifying reality.

The reality of these myths appears to be astrologically based.

The common threads that weave through these sun god myths provide a way for us to recognize our commonality. Many of these stories point to earlier myths of a virgin mother of all the gods. She has many names the world over. In the mythology of the British Isles, she is called Modron (meaning Mother), Danu, Don, Dana, Brigit, or Arianrhod.

Here are just a few common themes from the solar god myths of the world with their astrological connections:

  • Virgin mother – constellation Virgo
  • Birth at the Winter Solstice (Dec. 21 – 25)
  • Visit of three kings or magi – three belt stars in the constellation of Orion
  • The “carpenter” – who builds the “houses” of the zodiac
  • Twelve disciples – twelve signs of the zodiac
  • Baptism in a river – Milky Way Galaxy
  • The sun’s warmth turns water into wine through ripening grapes
  • The serpent (Scorpio) betrays him, decreasing his power as winter arrives
  • The crucifixion – the cross of the Solstices and Equinoxes
  • Resurrection at the Spring Equinox – light becomes longer than dark
  • Hanging on a tree – Tree of Life – the Torus field of our Galaxy

There are many striking parallels between the following myths (as well as those of Dionysus, Attis, and Adonis), which are quite obvious when you take the time to look for them. When these parallels are noted, we are faced with the question: Who or what is the reality reflected in all these similar stories? Surely they are not multiple characters who come to Earth to start conflicting religions that wage war on each other throughout history. These stories must be reflections of the same energy, or even the same being as seen through different cultural lenses. Look for the unifying factors and the Truth behind them.

Celtic sun god myths -LlewLUGH, Llew, Lieu – Sun God Myths of Ireland, Wales – pre-historic

  • He was born of a Virgin – Arianrhod
  • He can only die at the Autumn Equinox when he stands balanced (Libra) with one foot on a cauldron (Cancer) and the other foot on the back of a goat (Capricorn)
  • He is betrayed by his wife who is made of flowers (Virgo-Autumn)
  • After he is killed he turns into an eagle (Scorpio) and sits in a tree (Tree of Life – torus field of our galaxy/universe)
  • Resurrected back to original form
  • Called a Savior
  • Known as Lugh of the long arm – representing long rays of the sun
  • Holds the spear of the Tuatha de Danaan – sun ray, symbol of the element of fire (or air in some traditions)

According to Robin Heath http://www.skyscript.co.uk/sunheath.html, “The very ancient stories of the Tuatha de Danaan in Ireland tell us that the first battle of Mag Tuired was fought by their savior-hero Lug [Lugh] and thirty-two other leaders.” And the number thirty-three is repeated frequently throughout Irish legends. He goes on to say:

“This material contains a common theme. It tells the knowing listener or reader to look to the number thirty-three as something relevant to a hero, a savior. In the analysis of the Welsh White Book of Rhydderch, we may read that, ‘Both three and eleven were equally symbolic, the multiplicant thirty-three particularly so. It has frequently been used to imply supra-human attributes, regal authority and deification.'”

Heath’s fascinating article goes on to show that the number 33 is related to the movement of the sun over a 33 year cycle. (Also, Jesus is said to have died at the age of 33.)

Sun god myths of India - Krishna - pre-Christian Christ mythosKRISHNA -Sun God Myths of  India – circa 5000-3500 BC

  • He was born of a Virgin
  • His father was a carpenter
  • His birth was attended by angels, wise men and shepherds, and he was presented with gold, frankincense and myrrh
  • He was persecuted by a tyrant who ordered the slaughter of thousands of infants
  • He was of royal descent
  • He was baptized in a river ( Milky Way)
  • He worked miracles and wonders
  • He was transfigured in front of his disciples
  • In some traditions he died on a tree or was crucified between two thieves
  • He rose from the dead and ascended to heaven
  • He is called the “Shepherd God” and “Lord of lords,” and was considered “the Redeemer, Firstborn, Sin Bearer, Liberator, Universal Word”
  • He is the second person of the Hindu Trinity (an incarnation of Vishnu), and proclaimed himself the “Resurrection” and the “way to the Father”
  • He was considered the “Beginning, the Middle and the End,” (“Alpha and Omega”), as well as being omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent
  • His disciples bestowed upon him the title “Jezeus,” meaning “pure essence”
  • A common earlier English spelling of Krishna was “Christna”
  • He is expected to return to do battle with the “Prince of Evil,” who will desolate the earth

Sun god myths of Egypt - Osiris - pre-Christian Christ mythosOSIRIS – Sun God Myths of  Egypt – circa 2300 BC

  • His father is the sun god Ra
  • His mother is Nut Queen of Heaven
  • He was born in a cave or cowshed (Underworld)
  • His birth was prophesied by a star in the heavens
  • At a marriage ceremony, he performed the miracle of converting water into wine
  • He rode triumphantly into a city on a donkey (two stars in the constellation of Cancer are called “the asses”)
  • He had 12 disciples
  • He was killed near the time of the Vernal Equinox, about MAR-21
  • He died “as a sacrifice for the sins of the world”
  • He was hung on a tree, stake, or cross (Tree of Life)
  • After death, he descended into hell (the Underworld)
  • On the third day after his death, he was resurrected
  • He later ascended to heaven
  • His titles: God made flesh, Saviour of the world, son of God
  • He is “God made man” and equal to his Father
  • He will return in the last days
  • He will judge the human race at that time
  • The god-man’s sacrificial death reunites the believer with God and atones for his original sin

Sun god myths of Egypt - Horus - pre-Christian Christ mythosHORUS – Sun God Myths of Egypt – circa 2613-2160 BC

  • Son of god, Osiris
  • His mother was Isis Queen of Heaven
  • He was called “the KRST,” or “Anointed One.”
  • He was born on December 25th
  • He had 12 disciples (signs of the zodiac)
  • He performed miracles and raised one man, el-Azar-us, from the dead
  • He walked on water (as the sun appears to do)
  • He was transfigured on the Mount
  • He was crucified, buried in a tomb and resurrected
  • He was called the “Way, the Truth, the Light, the Messiah, God’s Anointed Son, the Son of Man, the Good Shepherd, the Lamb of God, the Word”
  • He was “the Fisher,” and was associated with the Lamb, Lion and Fish (Aries, Leo, Pisces)
  • In the catacombs at Rome are pictures of Him as a baby being held by his mother Isis – the original “Madonna and Child.”

Sun god myths of Persia - MithraMITHRA – Sun God Myths of Persia – India – Rome – circa 1500 BC

  • He was born on December 25th
  • He was considered a great traveling teacher and master (as the sun travels across the sky)
  • He had 12 companions or disciples
  • He performed miracles
  • He was buried in a tomb and after three days he rose again
  • He was considered “the Way, the Truth and the Light, the Redeemer, the Savior, the Messiah”
  • He was identified with both the Lion and the Lamb (Leo, Aries)
  • His sacred day was Sunday, “the Lord’s Day”
  • His resurrection was celebrated every year
  • He was called “the Good Shepherd”
  • He had his principal festival on what was later to become Easter, at which time he was resurrected (Spring Equinox)
  • His religion had a Eucharist or “Lord’s Supper”

Mithra dates from the time that the Hindus (Mithra) and Persians (Zarathushtra) still formed one people, for the god Mithra occurs in the Vedas and in the Avesta.

Zarathushtra spoke to his pupils in these words: “He who will not eat of my body and drink of my blood, so that he will be made one with me and I with him, the same shall not know salvation.”

Sun god myths of India - Buddha - pre-Christian Christ mythosBUDDHA – Sun God Myths of India – circa 490-410 BC

  • He was born of the virgin Maya, who was considered the “Queen of Heaven”
  • He was of royal descent
  • He crushed a serpent’s head (Scorpio)
  • He performed miracles and wonders, healed the sick, fed 500 men from a “small basket of cakes,” and walked on water
  • He abolished idolatry, was a “sower of the word,” and preached the establishment of a kingdom of righteousness
  • He taught chastity, temperance, tolerance, compassion, love, and the equality of all
  • He was transfigured on a mount
  • He was crucified in a sin-atonement
  • He suffered for three days in hell (Underworld)
  • He was resurrected
  • He ascended to “heaven” (Upper world – Nirvana)

Jesus sun god world mythical parallelsJESUS – Sun God Myths of Greece – Rome – Israel – circa 4 BC-36AD

  • He was born on December 25th (Winter Solstice)
  • Born of a virgin, Mary – Queen of Heaven (Virgo)
  • His father was a carpenter
  • His birth was attended by angels, wise men and shepherds, and he was presented with gold, frankincense and myrrh
  • He was persecuted by a tyrant who ordered the slaughter of thousands of infants
  • He was of royal descent
  • Called the Savior
  • He was baptized in a river (Milky Way)
  • He had 12 companions or disciples (12 signs of the zodiac)
  • He worked miracles and wonders
  • He healed the sick, fed crowds from a small basket of bread and fish, and walked on water
  • He was transfigured on a mount in front of his disciples
  • He was crucified at the age of 33 in a sin-atonement
  • He was hung on a tree [Tree of Life], stake, or cross (Equinox-Solstice)
  • He was buried in a tomb (Underworld)
  • After three days he was resurrected (to begin the 33 year cycle again)
  • He has his principal festival at Spring Eqinox – Easter
  • He ascended to heaven (Upper world)
  • His religion has a Eucharist or “Lord’s Supper”
  • He is called the “Good Shepherd” and “Lord of lords,” and was considered “the Redeemer, Firstborn, Sin Bearer, Liberator, Universal Word”
  • He is the second person of the Trinity, and proclaimed himself the “Resurrection” and the “way to the Father”
  • He was considered the “Alpha and Omega,” as well as being omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent
  • Jesus Christ said to his disciples: “He who eats of my body and drinks of my blood shall have eternal life.”
Are these stories beginning to sound familiar?

Recognizing these parallels should not lessen the value of any of the stories or the beings they represent, since they all point to a reality of cyclical renewal and liberation that is often overlooked in our day-to-day struggle of life. Rather than doubting their validity, it would make sense to accept the possibility that our Sun (as well as all the other stars and planets) is a living being who shows us the path of initiation and enlightenment.

We could let our differing stories divide us into warring factions, or we can see our commonality through understanding the similarities and the timeless realities behind them. One way will lead the world to war and destruction. The other will bring peace and prosperity to all.

Whether these solar beings ever actually incarnated in a human body or in multiple bodies is beside the point. Our “salvation” lies in our own awakening to the wonder of who we are within the whole scheme of things. Our journey through life can be enlightened, or we can get lost in the mire of materialism, fear, conflict, and disease. Each one of these stories highlights the path of enlightenment, harmony, peace, and spiritual awakening. Choose the one that feels best to you, or simply follow the path of the Sun on its 33 year journey through the heavens and it’s yearly cycle through the signs of the zodiac, as it awakens the memory of the Four Sacred Hallows.

Spinner Goddess who spins the galaxies - celtic mystery schoolInterconnection

When we become aware of our interconnectedness within the whole, the seeds of compassion and love begin to sprout within us. We see that there is no reason to kill or persecute others just because they accept a different version of mythology, because all these myths are pointing to the same underlying reality.

This is a mystery we may never fully understand, but it seems promising that there is such a clear and vital thread that weaves between so many different cultures through ages of time.

spiral galaxy - Arianrhod's castleThe Spinner Goddess – The Virgin Mother

We may well wonder who spins this thread that weaves so clearly through our myths. Could it be the “Virgin” (Virgo) Mother Goddess Arianrhod in her whirling crystal castle of stars? That is her Welsh name, but she is also known as Danu, Mother Mary, and a multitude of other names in different cultures. To some, she is simply “the Void” or the goddess. She is the mother of all.

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